The booklet chronicles the milestones in the history of the Métis people and nation from the early fur trade era to the contemporary period of reconciliation.
As children of the fur trade, the Métis played instrumental roles in the economy of that era. The map depicts the scope of Métis economic activity, in particular their role in the provision and transport of goods and supplies.
The map outlines the historical and legal recognition of the Métis through the land grant provisions of the Manitoba Act and Dominion Lands Act, the scrip commissions, and the establishment of the Métis Settlements in Alberta.
The Métis Settlements Act establishes a governance framework and provides for co-management of subsurface resources on the Settlements with the Province.
This report by Thomas Isaac the Minister’s Special Representative (MSR) on Reconciliation with Métis, addresses his mandate to meet with the Métis National Council, its Governing Members, the Métis Settlements General Council, and provincial and territorial governments to map out a process for dialogue on Section 35 Métis rights. The mandate also directed the MSR to engage with the Manitoba Metis Federation to explore ways to advance dialogue on reconciliation with Métis in Manitoba in response to the Supreme Court of Canada’s 2013 Manitoba Metis Federation decision.
Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party unveils a bold Métis Nation policy during the 2015 federal election campaign. The plan commits the Liberals to negotiate a settlement of the outstanding land claim of the Manitoba Métis and self-government agreements with the MNC Governing Members.
This agreement establishes a formal negotiation process to jointly develop a renewed Nation-to-Nation, Government-to-Government relationship between the Crown and the Manitoba Métis Community. The negotiations between the Manitoba Metis Federation and Canada under the Framework Agreement are active and ongoing.
The parties agree to a three-part plan for moving forward together to advance reconciliation with the Manitoba Métis Community under the 2016 Framework Agreement for Advancing Reconciliation Between Manitoba Metis Federation Inc. and Canada. In order to support this plan, Canada will provide $154.3 million to the Manitoba Metis Federation as the parties continue to work to advance reconciliation.
This Agreement sets out a mutually agreeable process leading to federal legislative recognition of the Métis Government of the Métis Nation within Alberta, as an Indigenous government, along with the recognition of the Jurisdiction as set out in this Agreement premised on rights recognition and implementation.
This Agreement sets out a mutually agreeable process leading to federal legislative recognition of the Métis Government of the Métis Nation within Saskatchewan, as an Indigenous government, along with the recognition of the Jurisdiction as set out in this Agreement premised on rights recognition and implementation.
This Agreement sets out a mutually agreeable process leading to federal legislative recognition of the Métis Government of the Métis Nation within Ontario, as an
Indigenous government, along with the recognition of the Jurisdiction as set out in this Agreement premised on rights recognition and implementation.
The Government of Canada recognizes that the rights of Indigenous peoples recognized and affirmed by section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982 include rights related to Indigenous languages. The Act also supports the efforts of Indigenous peoples to reclaim, revitalize, maintain and strengthen Indigenous languages.
This enactment affirms the rights and jurisdiction of Indigenous peoples in relation to child and family services and sets out principles applicable, on a national level, to the provision of child and family services in relation to Indigenous children, such as the best interests of the child, cultural continuity and substantive equality.
The bylaws of the Métis National Council Secretariat Inc. were adopted July 23, 1993. They highlight the structure, rules and procedures of the Registered Office of the
Corporation (the MNC) as well as the official membership of the MNC – the founding members being the Métis Nation of Alberta, the Métis Nation of Saskatchewan and the Manitoba Métis Federation.
The MNC General Assembly has adopted a number of resolutions on the core issues of citizenship and boundaries.
The MNC General Assembly has considered a number of proposals for the adoption of a Métis Nation Constitution and the direct election of a national President. The graphics depict the current representational structure of the MNC and how it would be impacted by a formal division of powers with the Governing Members and the direct election of national President.
The MNC General Assembly has also considered the new electoral law it would have to adopt in order to move to the direct election of national President.
Through the Métis National Council, the Métis Nation has been deeply engaged with the global human rights system for more than three decades. We have worked to advance international human rights standards that recognize and uphold the distinct needs and aspirations of Métis citizens. We have also extended our solidarity to Indigenous peoples in other regions of the Americas who often face extreme risks just for speaking out for their rights.
International human rights standards recognize or affirm the inherent rights of individuals and peoples. These standards also set out the obligations of governments to respect, protect and fulfill these rights.
There are a wide range of mechanisms providing oversight of whether or not states are meeting these obligations. While these mechanisms generally do not have direct enforcement powers, we can achieve compliance and implementation through our own efforts in engaging with government, in mobilizing public opinion and, when necessary, going to court. In some cases, international enforcement mechanisms are available when domestic remedies have been exhausted.
The most comprehensive global human rights instruments affirming and protecting the human rights of Indigenous peoples are the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007) and the Organization of American States American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2016). Together these two instruments establish the minimum global standards for upholding the rights Indigenous peoples.
Indigenous peoples have also actively engaged with the Treaty bodies that monitor state compliance with Conventions and Covenants like the UN Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. Treaty bodies have also played an important role in developing international standards for Indigenous rights.